Journalism in Pakistan has always been marked with bloodshed and fraught with risks but a recent research has revealed that there have been no convictions in 96 percent of murder cases of journalists in Pakistan between 2012 and 2022.
The Freedom Network’s Annual Impunity 2022 report released on Thursday was framed in the context of the 10-year anniversary of the 2012 United Nations Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity, which Pakistan had first endorsed in October 2013 and later committed to implementing in the Protection of Journalists and Media Professionals Act 2021.
According to the report, 53 Pakistani journalists were killed between 2012 and 2022 but the perpetrators were convicted in only two out of these 53 cases. In the remaining 96 percent of the cases, the criminal justice system failed to deliver justice for the slain journalists and their bereaved families.
“This open-ended impunity for crimes against journalists and media in Pakistan is taking an ugliest shape and the latest killing of under-threat journalist Arshad Sharif in Kenya reminds us how stronger perpetrators of crime and press freedom predators are getting,” says Freedom Network Executive Director Iqbal Khattak.
The report states that “due to poor investigation, the police fail to produce challans in many cases, killing the chances of justice at an early stage of the legal system” and “due to the poor quality of prosecution, most cases never complete the trial process in the courts”.
Khattak said the report’s findings indicated that even though Pakistan legislated exclusively on the safety of journalists at the federal level and in Sindh province, the journalists remained unsafe.
The report is based on data collected from the families of the journalists killed as well as from their news colleagues, local press clubs, and unions of journalists.
MOST DANGEROUS REGIONS
Of the 53 journalists murdered for their work in Pakistan between 2012 and 2022, the highest fatalities were in Sindh (16, or 30pc of the total) followed by Punjab (14, or 26pc of the total).
JOURNALISTS’ WORST ENEMIES
Unidentified persons constituted the biggest suspected threat actor to journalists in Pakistan during 2012-2022 with 15 of the 53 journalists (or 28 percent) murdered in the reporting period being targeted by them, according to the family members or colleagues of the victims.
Organised crime and militant groups were the second and third most suspected perpetrators of journalist killings, respectively.
According to available data, more than half of the journalists apparently did not inform their media employers, press club, union or local authorities about any threats. Less than 10 percent of all journalists who received death threats before being murdered informed their media employers, press club, union or local authorities. Even in cases where advance warning was available, the system and relevant stakeholders were unable to prevent the murders.